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The Animals of Western Rajasthan

Click here for Birds of Western Rajasthan
 
FEMALE INDIAN DESERT JIRD FEMALE INDIAN DESERT JIRD 
[MERIONES HURRIANAE]

Family : Muridae
Population : Unknown
Habitat : Uncultivated semi arid and arid lands with strong soil. Jirds live in close colonies to each other and have two holes to enter their colonies, one as an emergency exit that is camouflaged from the top in case of a predator entering their colony.
Most Active : Early morning and evening till 11pm
Size : 10-15 cm with tail
The Indian desert Jird is less aggressive than wild Jirbils  and has the ability to store water and release the water within itself when needed. Very early morning is best to see this unique animal at the Jalore wildlife sanctuary.
   
A Male Blue-Bull Antelope 
[Boselaphus tragocamelus]

Family : Bovidae
Population : Unknown
Habitat : Usually dry deciduous savanna, open scrub forest.
Most Active : Early morning and evening till 11pm
Size : 130-150cm at shoulders, weight 170-250kg
Diet : Seeds, shrubs, thorn bushes.

Males are steely blue gray and females are sandy brown. The Blue Bull is the largest antelope found in India. Males are solitary while females forage in groups up to 12 in size.

FEMALE BLUE BULL ANTELOPE
 

BLACK COBRA [NAJA OXIANA]*
Size :
1371-1625 mm
Most Active :
Early evening throughout the night. 
Habitat : The Cobras are eclectic in habitat absent in arid deserts and in the hills above 1800m.

Food :
At our campsite we have witnessed this species eat Jirds as well as a gazelle when no other food is available.

The photograph was taken after this black Cobra had eaten a bird. At this time man can approach the black Cobra as it's movements are slow while digesting it's prey.
BLACK COBRA
 
 
GAZELLE FEMALE
GAZELLE MALE
 
GAZELLE FAWN
INDIAN GAZELLE [GAZELLA BENNETTII] Family : Bovidae
Population : 100,000 approx (South Asia). Herds of 3-20 lead by a matriarch female
Habitat : Arid scrub forest and desert regions.
Most Active : During daylight
Size : At shoulders 65cm, weight 22-24 kg


The Indian Gazelle can store water collected from dew and vegetation and survive without water for many days. The Indian Gazelle is terrestrial and stays usually within a 100 sq. km area from where it was born. A graceful animal best seen in the early morning and late afternoon at True Luxury Tours Jalore wildlife sanctuary.
 
ASIAN-STEPPE WILDCAT* ([ORNATA],
[FELIS LIBYEA FORSTER], [ENDANGERED]).
Diet :
Zird, birds. 
Habitat : Rocky steppe areas, grassland.
Family : Felidae.
Most Active : Night in Jalore Wildlife Sanctuary.
Population :
At risk
The Asian steppe wildcat is one of the most elusive wildcats.

 
RUDDY MONGOOSE [HERPESTES EDWARDSII]*
Diet :
Zird, birds, lizards, snakes, insects, fruit.
Family : Herpestidae.
Most Active : Morning and Evening in Jalore Wildlife Sanctuary.
Population :
Rare

The ruddy mongoose is a sub-species of the grey mongoose and is reddish in colour and habitates forest areas.
RUDDY MONGOOSE
 
Striped Hyena [HYAENA HYAENA]*
Diet :
Gazelle, monkey.
Habitat : Scrub forest and grassland.
Family : Hyaenidae
Size : 150-160cm length, 26-41 kg weight.

Most Active :
Late Evening in Jalore Wildlife Sanctuary.
Population :
At risk
Striped Hyena
 
JUNGLE CAT [FELIS CHAUS]*
Family :
Felidae
Population :
Endangered
Habitat :
Grassland, scrub, dry deciduous and evergreen forests.
Most Active :
At night
Size :
60cm.
Diet :
Rats, small birds, eggs.
JUNGLE CAT [FELIS CHAUS]
 
Name : Desert Gerbil
Family : Muridae
Popullation : Stable
Habitat : Hard Soil
Most Active : Early morning & night
Size : 150-250mm
Diet : Seeds
DESERT GERBIL
 
Name : Desert Fox
Family : Canidae
Popullation : At-risk
Habitat : Scrub forest and grasslands
Most Active : Early morning & late evening
Diet : Small mammals, berries, anphibijans, grasses, berries, beetles, eggs.
 
DESERT FOX
 
LEOPARD (PANTHERA PARDUS)*
Family : Felidae
Population : 18000-20000
Habitat : Evergreen, dry and wet deciduous forests, scrub forest, rocky outcrops with grassy areas.
Most Active : At night
Size : Body length 1.85-2.15m, weight 39-67kg


The Indian Panther prey upon deer, hare, dogs, lizard, rats and birds. The Panther is terestrial and travels up to 80km in one night. In The Jalore Wildlife Sanctuary the Panther lives in granite rock shelters and small caves on the side of cliffs near to water holes and grassy areas.
LEOPARD (PANTHERA PARDUS)
 
Name : Hanuman Langur
Family : Cercopithecidae
Popullation : Stable
Habital : Scrub Forest, rocky outcrops
Most Active : Morning and Evening
Size : Approx 75cm with tail
Diet : Fruit, vegitables, roots, seeds, grass
HANUMAN LANGOOR
 
Name : Indian Desert Hare
Family : Leporidae
Popullation : At Risk
Habital : Semi-arid grasslands
Most Active : At night
Size : 40 - 70cm
Diet : Bark,grass, herbs
DESERT HARE
 
Click here for Birds of Western Rajasthan